David Cameron

Official portrait, 2023 David William Donald Cameron, Baron Cameron of Chipping Norton, (born 9 October 1966) is a British politician who is Foreign Secretary since 2023. He previously was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016, Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016, and Leader of the Opposition from 2005 to 2010, while he was Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney from 2001 to 2016. Cameron identifies as a one-nation conservative and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

Born in London to an upper-middle-class family, Cameron was educated at Eton College and Brasenose College, Oxford. After becoming an MP in 2001, he served in the opposition Shadow Cabinet under Conservative leader Michael Howard, and succeeded Howard in 2005. Following the 2010 general election, negotiations led to Cameron becoming prime minister as the head of a coalition government with the Liberal Democrats. His premiership was marked by the ongoing effects of the global financial crisis, which his government sought to address through austerity measures. His administration passed the Health and Social Care Act and the Welfare Reform Act, which introduced large-scale changes to healthcare and welfare. It also enforced stricter immigration policies, introduced reforms to education and oversaw the 2012 London Olympics. Cameron's administration also privatised Royal Mail and some other state assets, and legalised same-sex marriage in England and Wales. Internationally, Cameron's government intervened militarily in the First Libyan Civil War and authorised the bombing of the Islamic State. Domestically, his government oversaw the referendum on voting reform and Scottish independence referendum, both of which confirmed Cameron's favoured outcome. When the Conservatives secured an unexpected majority in the 2015 general election, he remained as prime minister, this time leading a Conservative-only government. To fulfil a manifesto pledge, Cameron introduced a referendum on the UK's continuing membership of the European Union in 2016. He supported the Britain Stronger in Europe campaign. Following the success of the Leave vote, Cameron resigned as prime minister and was succeeded in the 2016 Conservative Party leadership election by Theresa May, his home secretary.

Although no longer serving as prime minister, Cameron originally stated that he would continue inside Parliament, on the Conservative backbenches. On 12 September, however, he announced that he was resigning his seat with immediate effect, and was succeeded as MP for Witney by fellow Conservative Robert Courts. Cameron maintained a low profile following his resignation as prime minister and the subsequent Brexit negotiations, saying he did not want to be a distraction to May's premiership. He served as the president of Alzheimer's Research UK from 2017 to 2023, and was implicated in the Greensill scandal. Cameron released his autobiography, ''For the Record'', in 2019, which gives inside explanations of the decisions taken by his government. During the November 2023 cabinet reshuffle, Cameron was appointed foreign secretary by Conservative prime minister Rishi Sunak and was given a life peerage. His tenure as foreign secretary has been dominated by the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Israel-Hamas war, and the Gaza–Israel conflict and humanitarian crisis. Cameron has visited 35 countries and territories during his tenure as foreign secretary.

Cameron has been credited for helping to modernise the Conservative Party and for reducing the United Kingdom's inherited national deficit as prime minister. However, he was subject to criticism for the 2015 manifesto commitment to implement the referendum on the UK's continued membership of the EU and his vocal support for remain, which ultimately led to his resignation as prime minister. This led to a sustained period of political instability. In historical rankings of prime ministers of the United Kingdom, academics and journalists have ranked him in the fourth and third quintiles, respectively. Cameron is the first former prime minister to be appointed to a ministerial post since Alec Douglas-Home in 1970, and the first former prime minister to be raised to the peerage since Margaret Thatcher. Provided by Wikipedia
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    by Cameron, David, 1941-
    Published 2000
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    Published 2009
    Other Authors: ...Cameron, David, 1941-...
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