Vincent van Gogh

''[[Portraits of Vincent van Gogh#Paris 1887|Self-Portrait]]'', {{circa}}1887, [[Art Institute of Chicago]] Vincent Willem van Gogh (; or . American dictionaries list , with a silent ''gh'', as the most common pronunciation. In the dialect of Holland, it is , with a voiceless ''v'' and ''g''. He grew up in Brabant and used Brabant dialect in his writing; his pronunciation was thus likely , with a voiced ''v'' and palatalised ''g'' and ''gh''. In France, where much of his work was produced, it is .}}}} 30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade, he created approximately 2100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life. His oeuvre includes landscapes, still lifes, portraits, and self-portraits, most of which are characterized by bold colors and dramatic brushwork that contributed to the rise of expressionism in modern art. Van Gogh's work was beginning to gain critical attention before he died at age 37, by what was suspected at the time to be a suicide. During his lifetime, only one of Van Gogh's paintings, The Red Vineyard, was sold.

Born into an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh drew as a child and was serious, quiet and thoughtful, but showed signs of mental instability. As a young man, he worked as an art dealer, often travelling, but became depressed after he was transferred to London. He turned to religion and spent time as a missionary in southern Belgium. Later he drifted into ill-health and solitude. He was keenly aware of modernist trends in art and, while back with his parents, took up painting in 1881. His younger brother, Theo, supported him financially, and the two of them maintained a long correspondence.

Van Gogh's early works consist of mostly still lifes and depictions of peasant laborers. In 1886, he moved to Paris, where he met members of the artistic ''avant-garde'', including Émile Bernard and Paul Gauguin, who were seeking new paths beyond Impressionism. Frustrated in Paris and inspired by a growing spirit of artistic change and collaboration, in February 1888, Van Gogh moved to Arles in southern France to establish an artistic retreat and commune. Once there, Van Gogh's art changed. His paintings grew brighter and he turned his attention to the natural world, depicting local olive groves, wheat fields and sunflowers. Van Gogh invited Gauguin to join him in Arles and eagerly anticipated Gauguin's arrival in the fall of 1888.

Van Gogh suffered from psychotic episodes and delusions. Though he worried about his mental stability, he often neglected his physical health, did not eat properly and drank heavily. His friendship with Gauguin ended after a confrontation with a razor when, in a rage, he severed his left ear. Van Gogh spent time in psychiatric hospitals, including a period at Saint-Rémy. After he discharged himself and moved to the Auberge Ravoux in Auvers-sur-Oise near Paris, he came under the care of the homeopathic doctor Paul Gachet. His depression persisted, and on 27 July 1890, Van Gogh is believed to have shot himself in the chest with a revolver, dying from his injuries two days later.

Van Gogh's work began to attract critical artistic attention in the last year of his life. After his death, Van Gogh's art and life story captured public imagination as an emblem of misunderstood genius, due in large part to the efforts of his widowed sister-in-law Johanna van Gogh-Bonger. His bold use of color, expressive line and thick application of paint inspired avant-garde artistic groups like the Fauves and German Expressionists in the early 20th century. Van Gogh's work gained widespread critical and commercial success in the following decades, and he has become a lasting icon of the romantic ideal of the tortured artist. Today, Van Gogh's works are among the world's most expensive paintings ever sold. His legacy is honored and celebrated by the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which holds the world's largest collection of his paintings and drawings. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 70 for search 'Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890', query time: 1.10s Refine Results
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1958
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1937
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1950
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1961
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1937
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1970
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1968
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1947
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    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1953
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1978
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1959
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1957
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1958
    Book
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    by Gogh, Vincent van, 1853-1890
    Published 1969
    Book
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