José Martí

Martí in 1892 José Julián Martí Pérez (; January 28, 1853 – May 19, 1895) was a Cuban nationalist, poet, philosopher, essayist, journalist, translator, professor, and publisher, who is considered a Cuban national hero because of his role in the liberation of his country from Spain. He was also an important figure in Latin American literature. He was very politically active and is considered an important philosopher and political theorist. Through his writings and political activity, he became a symbol of Cuba's bid for independence from the Spanish Empire in the 19th century, and is referred to as the "Apostle of Cuban Independence". From adolescence on, he dedicated his life to the promotion of liberty, political independence for Cuba, and intellectual independence for all Spanish Americans; his death was used as a cry for Cuban independence from Spain by both the Cuban revolutionaries and those Cubans previously reluctant to start a revolt.

Born in Havana, Spanish Empire, Martí began his political activism at an early age. He traveled extensively in Spain, Latin America, and the United States, raising awareness and support for the cause of Cuban independence. His unification of the Cuban émigré community, particularly in Florida, was crucial to the success of the Cuban War of Independence against Spain. He was a key figure in the planning and execution of this war, as well as the designer of the Cuban Revolutionary Party and its ideology. He died in military action during the Battle of Dos Ríos on May 19, 1895. Martí is considered one of the great turn-of-the-century Latin American intellectuals. His written works include a series of poems, essays, letters, lectures, a novel, and a children's magazine.

He wrote for numerous Latin American and American newspapers; he also founded a number of newspapers. His newspaper, ''Patria,'' was an important instrument in his campaign for Cuban independence. After his death, many of his verses from the book, ''Versos Sencillos (Simple Verses)'' were adapted to the song "Guantanamera", which has become a prominent representative song of Cuba. The concepts of freedom, liberty, and democracy are prominent themes in all of his works, which were influential on the Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío and the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral. Following the 1959 Cuban Revolution, Martí's ideology became a major driving force in Cuban politics. He is also regarded as Cuba's "martyr". Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 44 for search 'Martí, José, 1853-1895', query time: 0.26s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1979
    Other Authors: ...Martí, José, 1853-1895...
    Book
  2. 2
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1970
    Book
  3. 3
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1968
    Book
  4. 4
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1969
    Book
  5. 5
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1973
    Book
  6. 6
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1970
    Book
  7. 7
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1982
    Book
  8. 8
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1977
    Book
  9. 9
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1975
    Book
  10. 10
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1982
    Book
  11. 11
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1985
    Book
  12. 12
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1953
    Book
  13. 13
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1957
    Book
  14. 14
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1989
    Book
  15. 15
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1953
    Book
  16. 16
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1968
    Book
  17. 17
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1979
    Book
  18. 18
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1978
    Book
  19. 19
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1997
    Book
  20. 20
    by Martí, José, 1853-1895
    Published 1995
    Book
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