Molière

Portrait of Molière by [[Pierre Mignard]] ({{ca.|1658}}) Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (; 15 January 1622 (baptised) – 17 February 1673), known by his stage name Molière (, , ), was a French playwright, actor, and poet, widely regarded as one of the great writers in the French language and world literature. His extant works include comedies, farces, tragicomedies, comédie-ballets, and more. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed at the Comédie-Française more often than those of any other playwright today. His influence is such that the French language is often referred to as the "language of Molière".

Born into a prosperous family and having studied at the Collège de Clermont (now Lycée Louis-le-Grand), Molière was well suited to begin a life in the theatre. Thirteen years as an itinerant actor helped him polish his comedic abilities while he began writing, combining Commedia dell'arte elements with the more refined French comedy.

Through the patronage of aristocrats including Philippe I, Duke of Orléans—the brother of Louis XIV—Molière procured a command performance before the King at the Louvre. Performing a classic play by Pierre Corneille and a farce of his own, ''The Doctor in Love'', Molière was granted the use of salle du Petit-Bourbon near the Louvre, a spacious room appointed for theatrical performances. Later, he was granted the use of the theatre in the Palais-Royal. In both locations, Molière found success among Parisians with plays such as ''The Affected Ladies'', ''The School for Husbands'', and ''The School for Wives''. This royal favour brought a royal pension to his troupe and the title ''Troupe du Roi'' ("The King's Troupe"). Molière continued as the official author of court entertainments.

Despite the adulation of the court and Parisians, Molière's satires attracted criticism from other circles. For ''Tartuffe's'' impiety, the Catholic Church in France denounced this study of religious hypocrisy, which was followed by a ban by the Parlement, while ''Dom Juan'' was withdrawn and never restaged by Molière. His hard work in so many theatrical capacities took its toll on his health and, by 1667, he was forced to take a break from the stage. In 1673, during a production of his final play, ''The Imaginary Invalid'', Molière, who suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis, was seized by a coughing fit and a haemorrhage while playing the hypochondriac Argan; he finished the performance but collapsed again and died a few hours later. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 435 for search 'Molière, 1622-1673', query time: 0.14s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1963
    Book
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  3. 3
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1967
    Book
  4. 4
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1967
    Book
  5. 5
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1880
    Book
  6. 6
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1950
    Book
  7. 7
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1964
    Book
  8. 8
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1957
    Book
  9. 9
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1978
    Book
  10. 10
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1966
    Book
  11. 11
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1956
    Book
  12. 12
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1925
    Book
  13. 13
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1911
    Book
  14. 14
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1946
    Book
  15. 15
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1982
    Book
  16. 16
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1975
    Book
  17. 17
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1984
    Book
  18. 18
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1929
    Book
  19. 19
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1939
    Book
  20. 20
    by Molière, 1622-1673
    Published 1942
    Book
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