Monaco

Rainier I Monaco, , ; }} officially the Principality of Monaco,; ; ; ; .}} is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera a few kilometres west of the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is a semi-enclave bordered by France to the north, east and west. The principality is home to 38,682 residents, of whom 9,486 are Monégasque nationals; it is recognised as one of the wealthiest and most expensive places in the world. The official language is French; Monégasque, English and Italian are spoken and understood by many residents.

With an area of , Monaco is the second-smallest sovereign state in the world, after Vatican City. Its population of 38,367 in 2023 makes it the most densely populated sovereign state. Monaco has the world's shortest coastline: . The principality is about from the border with Italy and consists of nine administrative wards, the largest of which is Monte Carlo.

The principality is governed under a form of constitutional monarchy, with Prince Albert II as head of state, who wields political power despite his constitutional status. The prime minister, who is the head of government, can be either a Monégasque or French citizen; the monarch consults with the Government of France before an appointment. Key members of the judiciary are detached French magistrates. The House of Grimaldi has ruled Monaco, with brief interruptions, since 1297. The state's sovereignty was officially recognised by the Franco-Monégasque Treaty of 1861, with Monaco becoming a full United Nations voting member in 1993. Despite Monaco's independence and separate foreign policy, its defence is the responsibility of France, besides maintenance of two small military units.

Monaco's economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with the opening of the state's first casino, the Monte Carlo Casino, and a rail connection to Paris. Monaco's mild climate, scenery, and gambling facilities have contributed to its status as a tourist destination and recreation centre for the rich. Monaco has become a major banking centre and sought to diversify into the services sector and small, high-value-added, non-polluting industries. Monaco is a tax haven, it has no personal income tax (except for French citizens) and low business taxes. Over 30% of residents are millionaires, with real estate prices reaching €100,000 ($116,374) per square metre in 2018. Monaco is a global hub of money laundering, and in 2023 was placed under review by the intergovernmental Financial Action Task Force, with the threat of being placed on its 'grey list', for failures in financial supervision and reform to inhibit criminality and terrorism financing.

Monaco is not part of the European Union (EU), but participates in certain EU policies, including customs and border controls. Through its relationship with France, Monaco uses the euro as its sole currency. Monaco joined the Council of Europe in 2004 and is a member of the (OIF). It hosts the annual motor race, the Monaco Grand Prix, one of the original Grands Prix of Formula One. The local motorsports association gives its name to the Monte Carlo Rally, hosted in January in the French Alps. The principality has a club football team, AS Monaco, which competes in French Ligue 1 and been French champions on multiple occasions, and a basketball team, which plays in the EuroLeague. A centre of research into marine conservation, Monaco is home to one of the world's first protected marine habitats, an Oceanographic Museum, and the International Atomic Energy Agency Environment Labs, the only marine laboratory in the UN structure. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 207 for search 'Monaco', query time: 0.23s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 1988
    Book
  2. 2
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1973
    Book
  3. 3
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1977
    Book
  4. 4
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1980
    Book
  5. 5
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 1983
    Book
  6. 6
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1985
    Book
  7. 7
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1985
    Book
  8. 8
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1983
    Book
  9. 9
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1982
    Book
  10. 10
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1978
    Book
  11. 11
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1984
    Book
  12. 12
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 1976
    Book
  13. 13
    by Monaco, Richard
    Published 1982
    Book
  14. 14
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 1998
    Book
  15. 15
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 2001
    Book
  16. 16
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 2010
    Book
  17. 17
    by Monaco, Paul
    Published 2010
    Book
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
    by Monaco, Franco
    Published 1967
    Book
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