Marquis de Sade

Portrait of Donatien Alphonse François de Sade by [[Charles Amédée Philippe van Loo]].<ref>{{Cite book |last=Sade |first=Marquis de |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=vnSm3-_JxqcC&pg=PA180-IA2 |title=Letters from Prison |publisher=Arcade Publishing |year=1999 |isbn=978-1559704113 |editor-last=Seaver |editor-first=Richard |location=New York}}</ref> The drawing dates to 1760, when Sade was 19 years old, and is the only known authentic portrait of him.<ref name="Smith2015">{{Cite news |last=Perrottet |first=Tony |url=http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/who-was-marquis-de-sade-180953980/?all |title=Who Was the Marquis de Sade? |date=February 2015 |access-date=25 January 2015 |publisher=Smithsonian Magazine |archive-date=12 June 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180612162432/https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/who-was-marquis-de-sade-180953980/?all |url-status=live }}</ref> | partner = | children = | father = Jean Baptiste François Joseph, Comte de Sade | mother = Marie Eléonore de Maillé de Carman | signature = Firma-D.A.F.-Sade.png }}

Donatien Alphonse François, Marquis de Sade (; 2 June 1740 – 2 December 1814) was a French writer, libertine, political activist and nobleman best known for his libertine novels and imprisonment for sex crimes, blasphemy and pornography. His works include novels, short stories, plays, dialogues, and political tracts. Some of these were published under his own name during his lifetime, but most appeared anonymously or posthumously.

Born into a noble family dating from the 13th century, Sade served as an officer in the Seven Years' War before a series of sex scandals led to his detention in various prisons and insane asylums for most of his adult life. During his first extended imprisonment from 1777 to 1790, he wrote a series of novels and other works, some of which his wife smuggled out of prison. On his release during the French Revolution, he pursued a literary career and became politically active, first as a constitutional monarchist then as a radical republican. During the Reign of Terror he was imprisoned for moderatism and narrowly escaped the guillotine. He was re-arrested in 1801 for his pornographic novels and was eventually incarcerated in the Charenton insane asylum where he died in 1814.

His major works include ''The 120 Days of Sodom'', ''Justine'', ''Juliette'' and ''Philosophy in the Bedroom'' which combine graphic descriptions of sex acts, rape, torture, murder, and child abuse with discourses on religion, politics, sexuality, and philosophy. The word ''sadism'' derives from his fictional characters who take pleasure in inflicting pain on others.

There is debate over the extent to which Sade's behavior was criminal and sadistic. Peter Marshall states that Sade's "known behaviour (which includes only the beating of a housemaid and an orgy with several prostitutes) departs greatly from the clinical picture of active sadism." Andrea Dworkin, however, argues that the issue is whether one believes Sade or the women who accused him of sexual assault.

Interest in his work increased in the 20th century, with various authors considering him a precursor to Nietzsche, Freud, surrealism, totalitarianism, and anarchism. Many prominent intellectuals including Angela Carter, Simone de Beauvoir, and Roland Barthes published studies of his work and numerous biographies have appeared. Cultural depictions of his life and work include the play ''Marat/Sade'' by Peter Weiss and the film ''Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom'' by Pier Paolo Pasolini. Dworkin and Roger Shattuck have criticized the rehabilitation of Sade's reputation, arguing that it promotes violent pornography likely to cause harm to women, the young and "unformed minds". Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 31 for search 'Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814', query time: 0.24s Refine Results
  1. 1
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1973
    Book
  2. 2
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1970
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    Book
  4. 4
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1970
    Book
  5. 5
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1976
    Book
  6. 6
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1978
    Book
  7. 7
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1973
    Book
  8. 8
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1954
    Book
  9. 9
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1987
    Book
  10. 10
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1990
    Other Authors: ...Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814...
    Book
  11. 11
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1990
    Book
  12. 12
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1993
    Book
  13. 13
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 2000
    Book
  14. 14
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1965
    Other Authors: ...Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814...
    Book
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    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 2005
    Other Authors: ...Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814...
    Book
  18. 18
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 2006
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  19. 19
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 2008
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  20. 20
    by Sade, marquis de, 1740-1814
    Published 1968
    Book
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