Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution ( ), or simply the Smithsonian, is a group of museums, education and research centers, the largest such complex in the world, created by the U.S. government "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge." Founded on August 10, 1846, it operates as a trust instrumentality and is not formally a part of any of the three branches of the federal government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. It was originally organized as the United States National Museum, but that name ceased to exist administratively in 1967.

Called "the nation's attic" for its eclectic holdings of 154 million items, the institution's 19 museums, 21 libraries, nine research centers, and zoo include historical and architectural landmarks, mostly located in Washington, D.C. Additional facilities are located in Maryland, New York, and Virginia. More than 200 institutions and museums in 45 states, Puerto Rico, and Panama are Smithsonian Affiliates. Institution publications include ''Smithsonian'' and ''Air & Space'' magazines.

Almost all of the institution's 30 million annual visitors are admitted without charge, the exception being Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum in New York City, which charges an admissions fee. The Smithsonian's annual budget is around $1.25 billion, with two-thirds coming from annual federal appropriations. Other funding comes from the institution's endowment, private and corporate contributions, membership dues, and earned retail, concession, and licensing revenue. the institution's endowment had a total value of about $5.4 billion. Provided by Wikipedia
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  1. 1
    by Ayensu, Edward S.
    Published 1978
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Book
  2. 2
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Serial
  3. 3
    Published 1980
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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    Government Document Serial
  4. 4
    Published 2001
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Book
  5. 5
    by Crabill, Ralph Edwin, 1925-
    Published 1969
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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    Government Document eBook
  6. 6
    by Pettibone, Marian H.
    Published 1969
    ...Smithsonian Institution. Press...
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    Government Document eBook
  7. 7
    by Bruce, A. J.
    Published 1971
    ...Smithsonian Institution. Press...
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    Government Document eBook
  8. 8
    by Erwin, Terry L., 1940-
    Published 1973
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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    Government Document eBook
  9. 9
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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    Government Document Serial
  10. 10
    Published 1942
    ...United States. Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Serial
  11. 11
    Published 1998
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Book
  12. 12
    Published 1999
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Book
  13. 13
    Published 1999
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Book
  14. 14
    Published 1999
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Book
  15. 15
    Published 1981
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Government Document Book
  16. 16
    Published 1981
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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  17. 17
    by Lyman, Christopher M.
    Published 1982
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Book
  18. 18
    Published 1981
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Book
  19. 19
    by True, Webster Prentiss, 1892-
    Published 1966
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
    Book
  20. 20
    ...Smithsonian Institution...
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