List of Survivor (American TV series) contestants''Survivor'' is an American reality television show, based on the Swedish program, ''Expedition Robinson''. Contestants are referred to as "castaways" and they compete against one another to become the "Sole Survivor" and win one million U.S. dollars. First airing in 2000, there currently have been a total of 44 seasons aired; the program itself has been filmed on five continents.
Contestants usually apply to be on the show, but the series has been known to recruit contestants for various seasons. For ''Survivor: Fiji'', the producers had hoped to have a more racially diverse cast, and hoped that a more diverse group would apply after the success of the racially segregated ''Survivor: Cook Islands''. When this did not happen, the producers turned to recruiting and in the end, only one contestant had actually submitted an application to be on the show. For the most part, contestants are virtually unknown prior to their ''Survivor'' appearance, but occasionally some well-known people are cast.
A total of 662 participants (castaways) have competed so far (as of ''Survivor 44''). 103 of those participants have competed in multiple seasons: 73 of them competed in two seasons, 23 of those have competed in three seasons, six have competed in four seasons, and only Rob Mariano competed in five seasons of the show. Two contestants, Russell Hantz and Sandra Diaz-Twine, have competed on international editions of the series. Thirteen seasons have featured returning players: five with all-returnees (''Survivor: All-Stars'' in 2004, ''Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains'' in 2010, ''Survivor: Cambodia'' in 2015, ''Survivor: Game Changers'' in 2017, and ''Survivor: Winners at War'' in 2020), five with two to four returning players on tribes with new players (''Survivor: Guatemala'' in 2005, ''Survivor: Redemption Island'' and ''Survivor: South Pacific'' in 2011, ''Survivor: Philippines'' in 2012 and ''Survivor: Edge of Extinction'' in 2019), two with a tribe of ten returning "Favorites" facing off against a tribe of ten "Fans" (''Survivor: Micronesia'' in 2008 and ''Survivor: Caramoan'' in 2013), and one featuring a tribe of ten returning players playing against a tribe of their family members (''Survivor: Blood vs. Water'' in 2013).
On two occasions, contestants have been cast but ultimately withdrew before the game began without being replaced: a 20th contestant, model agency owner Mellisa McNulty, was originally cast in ''Survivor: Fiji'', but dropped out and returned home the night before the show began because of panic attacks, while in ''Survivor: San Juan del Sur'', the 19th and 20th contestants, sisters So and Doo Kim, were removed just before filming due to a medical emergency. ''Fiji'' and ''San Juan del Sur'' proceeded with an uneven gender balance. This occurrence made the show's fourteenth season, ''Fiji'', the only season in the history of the show to start with an odd number of players. Provided by Wikipedia