Plague and pestilence in colonial Louisiana and Texas, 1777-1778 /
The residents of Spanish-controlled Natchitoches, Louisiana were at the epicenter of a multi-focal infectious disease epidemic that began to the southwest of the settlement in July of 1777, reaching Natchitoches in October of that year. The progress of the disease across Texas and Louisiana reveals...
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|Summary:||The residents of Spanish-controlled Natchitoches, Louisiana were at the epicenter of a multi-focal infectious disease epidemic that began to the southwest of the settlement in July of 1777, reaching Natchitoches in October of that year. The progress of the disease across Texas and Louisiana reveals epidemiological signatures consistent with bubonic plague, a disease caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis. A case study of the outbreak pattern within the Natchitoches settlement indicates that the pneumonic form of the disease was present there. Plague was brought into Texas when an infested British ship out of Jamaica, the Robert, ran aground in Sabine Lake at the mouth of the Neches River in May of 1777. Contaminated items were taken to the Spanish settlement of Bucareli where the initial terrestrial outbreak of the epidemic took hold. The disease then spread to Natchitoches and surrounding villages, causing high mortality and disrupting trading systems and leadership structures. The Caddo, a politically powerful Native American group, were heavily impacted, losing two-thirds of their population to the epidemics by the fall of 1778. Medical and cultural information from ethnographic, ethnohistorical, epidemiological, and archeological sources are combined in this study of a plague epidemic in process in North America prior to the first reported entrance of plague into the continent in 1899.|
"Major Subject: Anthropology".
|Physical Description:||xi, 173 leaves : illustrations, maps ; 28 cm.|
Issued also on microfiche from University Microfilm Inc.
|Bibliography:||Includes bibliographical references (leaves 152-167).|