Opposing viewpoints in American history /

Presents a collection of primary and secondary documents offering varying opinions on events in American history.

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Bibliographic Details
Other Authors: Dudley, William, 1964-, Chalberg, John
Format: Book
Language:English
Published: Detroit : Greenhaven Press, ©2007.
Subjects:
Online Access:Table of contents
Table of Contents:
  • v. 1. From colonial times to Reconstruction
  • v. 2. From Reconstruction to the present.
  • v. 1. Foreword
  • pt. 1. Colonial America (1582-1750)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Origins of English settlement
  • 1A. National and economic reasons to colonize the New World (1585) / Richard Hakluyt
  • 1B. Religious reasons to colonize the New World (1629) / John Winthrop
  • 2A. Virginia is an abundant new paradise (1613) / Alexander Whitaker
  • 2B. Virginia is not a new paradise (1624) / Richard Ffrethorne
  • Contact and conflict with Native Americans
  • 3A. Indians and colonists should live in peace (1609) / Powhatan
  • 3B. Indians should be conquered and exterminated (1622) / The Virginia Company of London/Edward Waterhouse
  • 4A. A Puritan missionary's account of Indians (1646) / John Eliot
  • 4B. A Puritan captive's account of Indians (1682) / Mary Rowlandson
  • Religious disputes in the New World
  • 5A. The colonies should allow religious toleration (1657) / Edward Hart and Citizens of Flushing
  • 5B. Religious toleration is unwise (1647) / Nathanial Ward
  • 6A. A defense of the Salem Witch Trials (1692) / Cotton Mather
  • 6B. An attack on the Salem Witch Trials (1692) / Thomas Brattle
  • 7A. The great awakening is a welcome religious revival (1743) / an assembly of pastors of churches of New England
  • 7B. The great awakening has led to harmful religious zealotry (1742) / Charles Chauncy
  • Labor in colonial America
  • 8A. Poor Europeans should come to America as indentured servants (1666) / George Alsop
  • 8B. Poor Europeans should not come to America as indentured servants (1754) / Gottlieb Mittelberger
  • 9A. Slavery is immoral (1700) / Samuel Sewall
  • 9B. Slavery is moral (1701) / John Saffin
  • pt. 2. Forging a new nation (1750-1800)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • The decision to break from Great Britain
  • 10A. Parliament is abusing the rights of Americans (1764) / Stephen Hopkins
  • 10B. Parliament is not abusing the rights of Americans (1765) / Martin Howard
  • 11A. America must seek independence of Great Britain (1776) / Thomas Paine
  • 11B. America must reconcile with Great Britain (1776) / Charles Inglis
  • Revolutionary War
  • 12A. War against the British is not justified (1776) / the ancient testimony and principles of the people called Quakers
  • 12B. War against the British is justified (1775) / John Carmichael
  • 13A. American soldiers should act together to ensure their own welfare (1783) / John Armstrong
  • 13B. American soldiers should act in the nation's interest (1783) / George Washington
  • Creating a new government
  • 14A. A strong national government is necessary to ensure the nation's survival (1783) / George Washington
  • 14B. Strong state governments are maintaining freedom and prosperity (1787) / James Winthrop
  • 15A. A republic must be small and uniform to survive (1787) / "Brutus"
  • 15B. A viable republic can be large and diverse (1787) / James Madison
  • 16A. The Constitution needs a Bill of Rights (1788) / Patrick Henry
  • 16B. The Constitution does not need a Bill or Rights (1788) / Alexander Hamilton
  • 17A. Jay's Treaty should be rejected (1795) / Robert R. Livingston
  • 17B. Jay's Treaty should be accepted (1796) / Fisher Ames
  • 18A. The Sedition Act violates the Bill of Rights (1799) / George Hay
  • 18B. The Sedition act does not violate the Bill of Rights (1799) / 5th Congress Majority Report
  • pt. 3. Antebellum America (1800-1850)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Expanding nation, expanding government
  • 19A. The Louisiana Purchase should be approved (1803) / Thomas Jefferson
  • 19B. The Louisiana Purchase should be opposed (1803) / Samuel White
  • 20A. The federal government is supreme over the states (1819) / John Marshall
  • 20B. The federal government is not supreme over the states (1819) / Spencer Roane
  • 21A. Indians should be removed to the West (1830) / Andrew Jackson
  • 21B. Indians should be allowed to remain in their homeland (1830) / the Cherokee Nation
  • 22A. The Bank of the United States should be abolished (1832) / Andrew Jackson
  • 22B. The Bank of the United States should not be abolished (1832) / Daniel Webster
  • Social reform issues of the antebellum era
  • 23A. Suffrage should not be based on property (1821) / Nathan Sanford
  • 23B. Suffrage should be limited to property holders (1821) / James Kent
  • 24A. Immigrants endanger America (1845) / Native American Party
  • 24B. Immigrants do not endanger America (1845) / Thomas L. Nichols
  • 25A. Women hold an exalted place in American society (1841) / Catharine A. Beecher
  • 25B. Women hold a degraded status in America (1848) / Elizabeth Cady Stanton and the Seneca Falls Convention
  • Manifest destiny and war with Mexico
  • 26A. America should not annex Texas (1844) / Henry Clay
  • 26B. America should annex Texas (1845) / John L. O'Sullivan
  • 27A. The United States must wage war on Mexico (1846) / James K. Polk
  • 27B. The United States fought Mexico to gain territory (1850) / Ramon Alcaraz et al.
  • pt. 4. Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Slavery and the road to secession
  • 28A. Southern states may be forced to leave the union (1850) / John C. Calhoun
  • 28B. The Union must be preserved (1850) / Daniel Webster
  • 29A. Constitutional rights do not extend to blacks (1857) / Roger Taney
  • 29B. Constitutional rights do extend to blacks (1857) / Benjamin Robins Curtis
  • 30A. Popular sovereignty should settle the slavery question (1858) / Stephen A. Douglas
  • 30B. Slavery should not be allowed to spread (1858) / Abraham Lincoln
  • 31A. Secession is justified (1861) / South Carolina Declaration
  • 31B. Secession is not justified (1861) / Abraham Lincoln
  • The Civil War
  • 32A. Freeing the slaves should be the primary war aim (1862) / Horace Greeley
  • 32B. Preserving the Union should be the primary war aim (1862) / Abraham Lincoln
  • 33A. The Emancipation Proclamation is a significant achievement (1862) / Frederick Douglass
  • 33B. The Emancipation Proclamation is a worthless act (1863) / Clement L. Vallandigham
  • 34A. War justifies the restriction of civil liberties (1863) / Abraham Lincoln
  • 34B. War does not justify the violation of civil liberties (1863) / Ohio Democratic Convention
  • Reconstruction
  • 35A. The South is a separate, conquered nation (1866) / Joint Committee on Reconstruction
  • 35B. The South is not a separate, conquered nation (1867) / Andrew Johnson
  • 36A. Blacks should have the right to vote (1866) / Frederick Douglass
  • 36B. Blacks should not have the right to vote (1867) / Andrew Johnson
  • Index.
  • v. 2. Foreword
  • pt. 1. Rebuilding after the Civil War (1865-1895)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Reconstruction and the new social order in the South
  • 1A. Reconstruction should be harsh (1865) / William Mason Grosvenor
  • 1B. Reconstruction should be lenient (1866) / Herman Melville
  • 2A. The Ku Klux Klan is a terrorist organization (1870) / Albion W. Tourgee
  • 2B. The Ku Klux Klan is a peacekeeping organization (1872) / John Brown Gordon
  • The gilded age : industrialization and labor conflicts
  • 3A. Concentrations of wealth harm America (1883) / Henry George
  • 3B. Concentrations of wealth help America (1889) / Andrew Carnegie
  • 4A. The organizing of labor into unions is dangerous (1886) / Henry Clews
  • 4B. Labor unions are essential (1894) / Samuel Gompers
  • 5A. A populist prescription for social reform (1892) / People's Party Platform of 1892
  • 5B. A social Darwinist view of social reform (1914) / William Graham Sumner
  • pt. 2. The Progressive Era (1895-1920)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Jim Crow and black response
  • 6A. Blacks should stop agitating for political equality (1895) / Booker T. Washington
  • 6B. Blacks should strive for political equality (1903) / W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 7A. Racial segregation is constitutional (1896) / Henry B. Brown
  • 7B. Racial segregation is unconstitutional (1896) / John Marshall Harlan
  • American empire
  • 8A. America should retain the Philippines (1900) / Albert J. Beveridge
  • 8B. America should not rule the Philippines (1900) / Joseph Henry Crooker
  • Progressive Era reforms and issues
  • 9A. Child labor should be abolished (1906) / Edwin Markham
  • 9B. Child labor may be beneficial (1883, 1906) / Thomas L. Livermore and a North Carolina mill worker
  • 10A. American women should have the right to vote (1909) / Julia Ward Howe
  • 10B. American women should not have the right to vote (1909) / Emily P. Bissell
  • 11A. Hetch Hetchy Valley should be preserved (1912) / John Muir
  • 11B. Hetch Hetchy Valley should be dammed (1913) / Gifford Pinchot
  • 12A. The federal government should regulate trusts : Roosevelt's New Nationalism (1910) / Theodore Roosevelt
  • 12B. The federal government should oppose trusts : Wilson's New Freedom (1913) / Woodrow Wilson
  • World War I and the League of Nations
  • 13A. America should enter World War I (1917) / Woodrow Wilson
  • 13B. America should not enter World War I (1917) / George W. Norris
  • 14A. War dissenters' freedoms of speech and assembly must be preserved (1917) / Robert La Follette
  • 14B. War dissenters' freedoms of speech and assembly must be limited (1917) / Outlook
  • 15A. The United States should join the League of Nations (1919) / James D. Phelan
  • 15B. The United States should not join the League of Nations (1919) / Lawrence Sherman
  • pt. 3. Prosperity, depression, and war (1920-1945)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Social and cultural issues of the 1920s
  • 16A. The Department of Justice is defending America from communist subversion (1920) / A. Mitchell Palmer
  • 16B. The Department of Justice is violating constitutional freedoms (1920) / National Popular Government League
  • 17A. H.L. Mencken critiques America (1922) / H.L. Mencken
  • 17B. A critique of H.L. Mencken (1928) / Catherine Beech Ely
  • 18A. Prohibition is a success (1924) / John Gordon Cooper
  • 18B. Prohibition is a failure (1926) / William H. Stayton
  • The Great Depression and the New Deal
  • 19A. Self-help is the best response to unemployment (1932) / Henry Ford
  • 19B. Self-help is not enough (1932) / Charles R. Walker
  • 20A. America needs a New Deal (1932) / Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 20B. Roosevelt's New Deal would destroy America (1932) / Herbert Hoover
  • 21A. Redistributing America's wealth would solve the depression (1934) / Huey P. Long
  • 21B. Long's "share-our-wealth" plan is impractical (1935) / Hamilton Basso
  • World War II
  • 22A. The United States should give lend-lease aid to Great Britain (1940) / Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 22B. Lend-lease aid will drag the United States into war (1941) / James F. O'Connor
  • 23A. The internment of Japanese Americans was justified (1944) / Hugo black
  • 23B. The internment of Japanese Americans was not justified (1944) / Frank Murphy
  • 24A. Using the atomic bomb against Japan is justified (1945) / Harry S. Truman
  • 24B. Dropping the atomic bomb on Japan was immoral (1945) / Christian Century
  • pt. 4. The Cold War abroad and at home (1945-1989)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Rise of the Cold War
  • 25A. America should seek peace with the Soviet Union (1946) / Henry A. Wallace
  • 25B. America should contain the Soviet Union (1947) / George F. Kennan
  • 26A. Communist subversives threaten America (1950) / Joseph R. McCarthy
  • 26B. McCarthyism threatens America (1950) / the Tydings Committee
  • 27A. America should send a man to the moon (1961) / John F. Kennedy
  • 27B. America's race to the moon is misguided (1962) / Carl Dreher
  • The struggle for civil rights and equality
  • 28A. Racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional (1954) / Earl Warren
  • 28B. The Supreme Court should not interfere in Southern racial practices (1956) / The Southern Manifesto
  • 29A. Blacks should strive to be part of the American dream (1961) / Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 29B. Blacks can never be part of the American dream (1963) / Malcolm X
  • 30A. American women need an equal rights amendment (1970) / Margaret M. Heckler
  • 30B. An equal rights amendment would be harmful (1970) / Myra Wolfgang
  • The turbulent sixties
  • 31A. America is fighting for a just cause in Vietnam (1965) / Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 31B. America is not fighting for a just cause in Vietnam (1967) / Eugene McCarthy
  • 32A. Riots are mob criminal acts (1966) / Richard M. Nixon
  • 32B. Riots are social revolutions (1967) / Tom Hayden
  • 33A. America's youth must lead a new revolution (1962, 1968) / Students for a Democratic Society
  • 33B. Student rebellion leaders are a disgrace (1969) / K. Ross Toole
  • From Nixon to Reagan
  • 34A. Executive privilege protects a president's private communications (1973) / Richard M. Nixon
  • 34B. A president's executive privilege is not absolute (1974) / Warren Burger
  • 35A. America is facing a crisis of confidence (1979) / Jimmy Carter
  • 35B. The American spirit remains strong (1980) / Ronald Reagan
  • The end of the Cold War
  • 36A. The Cold War was a great victory for the United States (1992) / John Lewis Gaddis
  • 36B. The Cold War was not a great victory for the United States (1993) / Wade Huntley
  • pt. 5. New challenges after the Cold War (1991-present)
  • Chronology
  • Preface
  • Domestic challenges
  • 37A. America must reform its health care system (1994) / Bill Clinton
  • 37B. America's health care system does not need government reform (1993) / Fred Barnes
  • 38A. President Bill Clinton should be impeached (1998) / House Judiciary Committee
  • 38B. Clinton's impeachment is not justified (1998) / Jerrold Nadler
  • 39A. Gay marriage must be banned (2003) / First Things
  • 39B. Gay marriage should not be banned (2006) / Jamie Raskin
  • National security, terrorism, and Iraq
  • 40A. America must use military force against Iraq to liberate Kuwait (1991) / George H.W. Bush
  • 40B. War against Iraq is unnecessary (1991) / Arthur Schlesinger
  • 41A. America must wage war against terrorists (2001) / George W. Bush
  • 41B. America must seek alternatives to a military response to terrorism (2001) / Joyce Neu
  • 42A. President George W. Bush is abusing the war powers of his office (2006) / Elizabeth Holtzman
  • 42B. The president needs broad wartime powers to protect the nation (2006) / John Yoo
  • Index.