The rise of mental health nursing : a history of psychiatric care in Dutch asylums, 1890-1920 /

A unique analysis of psychiatric care and the emerging field of mental health nursing in the Netherlands at the turn of the 19th century.

Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Boschma, Geertje (Author)
Corporate Author: JSTOR (Organization)
Format: eBook
Published: Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, [2003]
Online Access:Connect to the full text of this electronic book
Table of Contents:
  • Introduction
  • Care of the mentally ill
  • Asylum attendants and mental nurses
  • The historiography of mental health nursing
  • Four asylums as case studies
  • The chapters in brief
  • Chapter I. Asylum reform ideals: personnel matters. The appeal of institutional care and moral treatment
  • A legal basis for asylum reform
  • Increased medical influence
  • Liberal views, reform rhetoric, and the problem of personnel
  • Lower-class institutions
  • The position of attendants and patients in the asylum hierarchy
  • Different responses and different solutions: Roman Catholic initiatives
  • Reform ideals frustrated: asylum growth and a new law
  • A second law on the insane
  • Awakening of Protestant duty
  • Chapter II. The ideal of a mental hospital. New medical opinions: scientific psychiatry
  • Medical views in Veldwijk: a Christian psychiatry.
  • Bed rest
  • Architectural changes and the increased application of bed rest
  • Hydrotherapy and bath treatment
  • Work remained
  • The inspiring example of the general hospital: a new demand for skilled nursing
  • Chapter III. Female compassion: mental nurse training gendered female. Religious roots
  • Female compassion, domestic ideology and the women's movement
  • Growing demand
  • A new educational structure for nurses
  • A respectable salaried occupation
  • Female influence
  • Hospital hierarchy
  • Raising the status of psychiatry: the introduction of mental nurse training
  • Gendered ideals: raising the morality of asylum personnel
  • Het Wilhelminahuis (The Wilhelmina Home)
  • Chapter IV. The burdensome task of nurses. The invisible role of nurses
  • The nurse as object and agent of a disciplined asylum routine
  • Threat, repression, and abuse: the division of wards as a control mechanism
  • An analysis of patient records.
  • Responding to dependency
  • Growing old and demented
  • Sick since youth
  • Suffering from mania, acutely or periodically
  • The care of paralyzed and handicapped syphilis patients
  • They wished to be dead: the risk of suicide
  • Overcome by delusions: the risk of refusing food, self-mutilation, violence and escape
  • Nervous afflictions and brain trauma: rare cases in the turn-of-the-century asylum
  • Chapter V. Negotiating class and culture. A gendered structure
  • A new discipline and morale
  • Culture shock
  • The Orthodox Protestant Perception of mental nurse training: a family ideology
  • Gendered nursing leadership in Veldwijk
  • Implementing an educational structure
  • Mental nurse training at Veldwijk
  • Debate over the Boschhoek
  • The Boschhoek revisited
  • Roman Catholic "Resistance"
  • Chapter VI. The marginalization of male nurses. Nursing, a respected occupation
  • but not for men
  • Squeezed out
  • Nurse artisans.
  • The home of a married nurse: a place of family care?
  • Growing class consciousness
  • Male nurse activism and the career of P.N. Bras
  • Gendered politics versus expertise
  • Chapter VII. Controversy and conflict over the social position. An ambiguous social position
  • Growing social awareness among asylum nursing personnel
  • Activism among the VCV nurses
  • Seeking legal protection from the state
  • Controversy over training
  • Ambivalence over morality and class background
  • The threat of private duty
  • Tension over the NVP exam criteria
  • Controversy over the somatic approach and biomedical footing of psychiatric care
  • Conclusion: the politics of mental health nursing
  • The disappointment of somatic explanations in turn-of-the-century psychiatry
  • A gendered notion of civilized care
  • The Educational versus the social value of mental nurse training
  • Economic problems, growing costs
  • Ideals and limitations.